No announcement yet.

Elininating Punctuation Marks

  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Daniel Raymer
    Michael - can I have a listing of SendVoltsToUser ? I've been looking for something like that for years.



    Leave a comment:

  • Donald Darden
    This is a trivial problem if you process the information provided
    after the input, but requires your own custom routine to handle
    input if you want to block certain characters from being entered
    from the keyboard,

    Let's focus on the trivial way. Say your input is in aa$, and
    you only want to allow numeric data. Just do aa$=RETAIN$(aa$,
    ANY "0123456789"), and all you have left is the digits. If you
    want to allow a dollar sign and decimal place, just add them to
    what you will accept: aa$=RETAIN%(aa$,ANY "$.0123456789").

    We can determine that capital "A" corresponds to a decimal 65, and
    that a capital "Z" corresponds to a decimal 90. At the same time,
    a zero ("0") has a code value of 48, and a "9" has the code value
    of 57. The small "a" and "z" have the code values of 97 and 123
    respectively. We can use this information with a CHR$()
    function to create our own custom mask that will only accept and
    use upper case letters and digits like this:
      REPLACE ANY CHR$(97 TO 123) WITH CHR$(65 TO 90) IN AA$
      aa$=RETAIN$(aa$, ANY CHR$(65 TO 90,48 TO 57))
    IF retaining original position within aa$ is inportant, than
    replacing unwanted characters with something innocous like
    spaces might be better. This is a great job for REPLACE.
      ff$=CHR$(0 TO 255)                    'cover every ASCII code
      ff$=REMOVE$(ff$, ANY CHR$(65 TO 90, 48 TO 57)) 'remove valid chars
      REPLACE ANT ff$ WITH SPACE$(LEN(ff$)) IN aa$ 'replace the rest with spaces
    Like I said. Trivial, thanks to the many flexable string
    commands provided with PowerBasic.

    Oops! I forgot which board I was writing to at the time. PB/DOS
    lacks some of the string commands found in PB/CC and PB/Win. So I
    guess this post merely reveals some of the rewards you get when you
    decide to move up to a later compiler.

    Old Navy Chief, Systems Engineer, Systems Analyst, now semi-retired

    [This message has been edited by Donald Darden (edited March 21, 2007).]

    Leave a comment:

  • Richard Angell
    Mis-posted, removed and re-posted to correct forum

    [This message has been edited by Richard Angell (edited March 20, 2007).]

    Leave a comment:

  • Don Schullian
    Hi Keith,

    You'll need to put in a line or two of mods in fInput to exclude all
    characters out of your range but that shouln't be a big deal.

    [email protected]

    ' fInput% function for FirstBASIC
    '    coded by: Don Schullian  [email protected]
    '    public domain
    ' Welcome,
    '   This code is offered as an (better?) alternative to INPUT$. It
    ' allows for cursoring around a field, deletion, insertion, overwrite,
    ' scrolling, and bail out without saving the/any changes.
    '   Its use is demonstrated below using an array to allow for editing
    ' a screen full of data in one loop. This code could, very easily be
    ' placed into it's own function and called several times in a single
    ' program.
    '   There are a series of CONSTANTS set that are used by the function
    ' You may, of course, put their values into the function or, in some
    ' cases, send the values to the function to allow for more control by
    ' varied other functions.
    '   This offering is just a starting point for those of you who are
    ' more adventurous. Over the years I've developed 10 different
    ' variations of this function that control and guide the users' input.
    ' One of them works only for numerical input and looks & feels like
    ' a calculator; another allows input of only specific characters;
    ' while others handle hexadecimal input, masked fields, multiple lines
    ' and other varied field types. A bit of imagination goes a LONG way!
    '   fGetKey% is my basic keyboard input function and I never leave
    ' home without it. There is a full discussion on how and why on
    ' either of my web pages. [url=""][/url]  or
    ' [url=""][/url]  along with some other goodies.
    '   If you have any questions, give me a shout.
    ' Don
    ' fGetKey%(Datum$,Row%,Col%,VisCols%,MaxLen%,ExitKeys$)
    ' PURPOSE: Allow user input in an editable, friendly environment
    '  PARAMS: Datum$     incoming the data already found in the field
    '                     returning the edited data
    '          Row%, Col% the left most screen position of the field
    '          VisCols%   the number of visable characters on screen
    '          MaxLen%    the maximum number of characters in the field
    '          ExitKeys$  the MKI$(keyvalue%) of all the keys OTHER THAN
    '                       <ESC> and <ENTER> that will return from the
    '                       function
    '    NOTE: If VisCols% =< MaxLen% then the value will be set to match
    '          that of MaxLen%
    %EscKey   = &h001B             ' key codes returned by fGetKey%
    %EnterKey = &h000D
    %BkSpcKey = &h0008
    %DelKey   = &h5300
    %UpKey    = &h4800
    %DownKey  = &h5000
    %InsKey   = &h5200
    %LeftKey  = &h4B00
    %RightKey = &h4D00
    %CtrlDel  = &h9300
    %F10key   = &h4400
    %HomeKey  = &h4700
    %EndKey   = &h4F00
    %Fgrnd    = 15                 ' editing foreground
    %Bgrnd    =  1                 ' editing background
    '-------------------- start of test code
    COLOR 0, 7
    ' ================================================
    ' ======= this demonstrates the use for one field
    ' ================================================
    D$ = "Mary had a little lamb, its fleece was white as snow."
    G% = fInput%(D$, 2, 10, 20, 70, "")
    LOCATE 2, 1: PRINT D$;
    ' ==================================================
    ' ====== the following uses an array for 5 fields
    ' ==================================================
    DIM D$(5)
    DIM F%(2,5)
    RESTORE TestData
    FOR X% = 1 TO 5
      READ Prompt$
      READ D$(X%), F%(0,X%), F%(1,X%), F%(2,X%)
      Col% = F%(1,X%) - LEN(Prompt$) - 1
      COLOR 8, 7
      LOCATE F%(0,X%), Col%
      PRINT Prompt$;
      COLOR 1, 7
      LOCATE F%(0,X%), F%(1,X%)
      PRINT LEFT$(D$(X%), F%(2,X%))
    LOCATE 25, 1
    PRINT "Use Arrows to move - F-10 to save & exit - <ESC> to quit";
    ExitKeys$ = MKI$(%F10key) + MKI$(%UpKey) + MKI$(%DownKey)
    Fld% = 1
      IF Fld% < 1 THEN
          Fld% = 5
        ELSEIF Fld% > 5 THEN
          Fld% = 1
      END IF
      G% = fInput%( D$(Fld%), F%(0,Fld%), F%(1,Fld%), 0, F%(2,Fld%), ExitKeys$)
        CASE %F10key : EXIT LOOP
        CASE %EscKey : EXIT LOOP
        CASE %UpKey  : DECR Fld%
        CASE ELSE    : INCR Fld%
    FOR X% = 1 TO 5
      LOCATE X% + 10, 1
      PRINT D$(X%)
      DATA "Last Name:", "Schullian"   , 6, 20, 17
      DATA "Frst Name:", "Don"         , 7, 20, 17
      DATA "Street:"   , "My Street 27", 8, 20, 30
      DATA "City:"     , "Hometown"    , 9, 20, 30
      DATA "Zip:"      , "12345-2433"  , 9, 56, 10
    FUNCTION fGetKey%
      LOCAL G$
      LOCAL L%
        G$ = INKEY$
        L% = LEN(G$)
      LOOP UNTIL L% > 0
      IF L% = 1 THEN
          fGetKey% = ASC(G$)
          fGetKey% = CVI(G$)
      END IF
    FUNCTION fInput% ( Datum$, Row%, Col%, VisLen%, MaxLen%, ExitKeys$ )
      LOCAL Bgrnd%                ' original background color
      LOCAL Cpos%                 ' current cursor position within string
      LOCAL E%                    ' temp variable
      LOCAL Exet$                 ' string vals of all exit keys
      LOCAL Fgrnd%                ' original foreground color
      LOCAL Inzert%               ' insert state
      LOCAL KeyVal%               ' incoming key-press value
      LOCAL MaxOff%               ' maximum offset position
      LOCAL Offset%               ' 1st character shown in field
      LOCAL Temp$$                ' working data string
      MAP Temp$$ * MaxLen%
      Temp$$  = LTRIM$(Datum$)
      Inzert% = 31
      Exet$   = MKI$(%EscKey) + MKI$(%EnterKey) + ExitKeys$
      Bgrnd%  = SCREEN(Row%, Col%, 1)
      Fgrnd%  = (Bgrnd% AND 15)
      Bgrnd%  = (Bgrnd%  \  16)
      Offset% = 1
      IF (VisLen% = 0) OR (VisLen% > MaxLen%) THEN VisLen% = MaxLen%
      MaxOff% = (MaxLen% - VisLen% + 1)
      GOSUB fInputEOL
      COLOR %Fgrnd, %Bgrnd
      LOCATE , , , Inzert%, 31
        IF Cpos% < 1 THEN
            Cpos% = 1
          ELSEIF Cpos% > MaxLen% THEN
            Cpos% = MaxLen%
        END IF
        IF Cpos% < Offset% THEN
            Offset% = Cpos%
          ELSEIF (Cpos% - Offset% + 2) > VisLen% THEN
            Offset% = (Cpos% - VisLen% + 1)
            IF Offset% > MaxOff% THEN Offset% = MaxOff%
        END IF
        GOSUB fInputPrint
        LOCATE Row%, (Col% + Cpos% - Offset%), 1
        KeyVal% = fGetKey%
        E% = INSTR(Exet$, MKI$(KeyVal%))
        IF (E% AND 1) = 1 THEN EXIT LOOP
        SELECT CASE KeyVal%
          CASE 32 TO 255 : IF (Inzert% = 0) OR (Cpos% = MaxLen%) THEN
                               MID$(Temp$$, Cpos%, 1) = CHR$(KeyVal%)
                               Temp$$ = LEFT$(Temp$$, Cpos% - 1) + _
                                         CHR$(KeyVal%)           + _
                                         MID$(Temp$$, Cpos%)
                           END IF
                           INCR Cpos%
          CASE %BkSpcKey : IF Cpos% > 1 THEN
                             DECR Cpos%
                             GOSUB fInputStrip
                           END IF
          CASE %DelKey   : GOSUB fInputStrip
          CASE %HomeKey  : Cpos% = 1
          CASE %EndKey   : GOSUB fInputEOL
          CASE %LeftKey  : DECR Cpos%
          CASE %RightKey : INCR Cpos%
          CASE %InsKey   : Inzert% = ( Inzert% XOR 31 )
                           LOCATE , , , Inzert%, 31
        END SELECT
      Offset% = 1
      IF KeyVal% <> %EscKey THEN
          Temp$$ = LTRIM$(Temp$$)
          Datum$ = RTRIM$(Temp$$)
          Temp$$ = Datum$
      END IF
      COLOR Fgrnd%, Bgrnd%
      GOSUB fInputPrint
      fInput% = KeyVal%
      '------------- local routines
      LOCATE Row%, Col%, 0
      PRINT MID$(Temp$$, Offset%, VisLen%);
      Temp$$ = LEFT$(Temp$$, Cpos% - 1) + MID$(Temp$$, Cpos% + 1)
      FOR Cpos% = MaxLen% TO 1 STEP -1
        IF ASCii(MID$(Temp$$, Cpos%)) <> 32 THEN EXIT FOR
      INCR Cpos%

    Leave a comment:

  • Douglas C. Horner
    Dug up some old QB45 code that no only controls the input Numeric or Alpha Numeric but also controls the length of input here it is for what it's worth to you. The sub's are called like so:

    Enter lName$,30
    Here are the Sub's

    SUB edit (workstr$, worklen%)
     LET workstr$ = RTRIM$(workstr$)
     LET n = POS(0): PRINT STRING$(worklen%, "#"); : LOCATE , n
     PRINT workstr$;
    LET ky$ = INKEY$
     IF LEN(ky$) = 0 GOTO edit1
     IF ky$ = CHR$(13) THEN GOTO edit9
     IF ky$ = CHR$(8) THEN GOTO edit8
     IF ky$ = CHR$(59) THEN GOTO edit9
     IF ky$ < CHR$(27) OR ky$ > CHR$(127) THEN BEEP: GOTO edit1
     IF LEN(workstr$) >= worklen% THEN BEEP: GOTO edit1
     PRINT ky$;
     LET workstr$ = workstr$ + ky$
     GOTO edit1
      IF LEN(workstr$) < 1 THEN BEEP: GOTO edit1
      LOCATE , POS(0) - 1: PRINT "#"; : LOCATE , POS(0) - 1
      workstr$ = LEFT$(workstr$, LEN(workstr$) - 1)
      GOTO edit1
    SUB editn (workstr$, worklen%)
        ky$ = INKEY$
        IF ky$ = CHR$(27) THEN GOTO edita
        LET p = POS(0)
        LOCATE , p
        edit workstr$, worklen%
        work$ = RTRIM$(workstr$)
        IF LEN(work$) = 0 THEN GOTO edita
        FOR n = 1 TO LEN(workstr$)
        IF MID$(work$, n, 1) < "0" OR MID$(work$, n, 1) > "9" THEN GOTO reject
        GOTO edita
        workstr$ = work2$
        GOTO editn1
    SUB enter (workstr$, worklen%)
     LET workstr$ = ""
     edit workstr$, worklen%
    SUB entern (workstr$, worklen%)
     workstr$ = ""
     editn workstr$, worklen%
    Just throwing out OLD code


    You can either complain that rose bushes have thorns- or rejoice that thorn bushes have roses!

    Leave a comment:

  • Mike Luther
    Maybe I can contribute here.

    We blocked this problem years ago in many places by using a commom
    SUB routine for text entry work. In that routine as part of the
    parameters passed to that SUB, you can pass prompts, format data,
    default 'entries', and so on. Notice those half quotes around the
    word <entries> in the previous sentence?

    One of the parameters passed to the SUB which is the common entry
    routine provides that the entry is scanned for the CHR$(34) in the
    text line the user has selected. If if finds one, it quietly and
    conveniently substitutes the apostrophe "'" for it instead!

    Over many years, in, for examply entries of names, where the convention
    seems to be to enclose a nickname in quote marks, substitution of the
    half quote instead has saved many a day for everyone. Obviously there
    are places where you couldn't do this, and accuracy is required even
    down to the correct CHR$(34) marks embedded in text! And, in this case,
    PowerBASIC will often let you pass them into string data by doing a
    string concantenation which includes the precise CHR$(34) as a string
    byte to be concantenated. Say "Y$ + CHR$(34) + Z$ + CHR$(34) + A$" is
    OK. But for the routine I/O work, the replacement technique for
    your keyboard I/O work for the user, may well get you an 'acceptable'
    substitute. The look and feel of the I/O may be good enough and it
    does not smash other things.

    Mike Luther
    [email protected]

    [This message has been edited by Mike Luther (edited September 18, 2003).]

    Leave a comment:

  • Michael Mattias
    ValidString$ = "abcde...zABCDE..Z0123456789"
    IF VERIFY(userEntry$, ValidString$) = 0 THEN
      PRINT "All alphanumeric"
      PRINT "Non-alphanumeric characters found"
      Volts    = 500
      Duration = 4
      CALL SendVoltstoUser (Volts, Duration)
    END IF
    FWIW, this one is is easier in COBOL:
    * If not supported by your compiler create an ALPHANUMERIC classname in the SPECIAL-NAMES paragraph.


    [This message has been edited by Michael Mattias (edited September 18, 2003).]

    Leave a comment:

  • Jerry Fielden
    Using Remove$ and ANY would be easy.


    Leave a comment:

  • Keith E. Black
    started a topic Elininating Punctuation Marks

    Elininating Punctuation Marks

    I want to write a snippet that forces the user to enter numbers
    and alphabets only. Is there an easy way to do this.

    ex. input "enter your last name ";lname$.

    If the user uses spaces or puncuation marks, the samll program I
    have written will crash.

    Any help will be appreciated. Thanks