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CGI and AJAX Long Polling

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  • Miguel Pando

    You need FCGI.DLL and FCGIAPP.INC. Forgot where it was downloaded from.
    But you may get them from, or Aprelium. Maybe in the PB Forums.

    Still, don't know why echo program is not working with Coastrd library.
    Program fails in FGCX_InitRequest.

    With respect to AbyssServer shelling multiple instances of any program.
    It's like running plain CGI. That's why multithreading is needed.

    Modified program
    #COMPILE EXE "FCGIecho.exe" '  
    '#INCLUDE "FCGX_Header.bas" 
    '  Decode all of the special characters in a CGI string
    '  This is copied directly from PB's cgi include file that comes with PBCC
    Function DecodeCGI(ByVal t As String) As String
    LOCAL b_in  As Byte Ptr
    LOCAL b_out As Byte Ptr
    LOCAL h As String Ptr * 2
    LOCAL a As Asciiz Ptr
        If Len(t) = 0 Then Exit Function
        b_in  = StrPtr(t)
        b_out = b_in
            If @b_in = 43 Then          'convert plus to space
                    @b_out = 32
            ElseIf @b_in = 37 Then      'process special chars
                    h = b_in + 1
                    @b_out = Val("&H" + @h)
                    b_in = b_in + 2
                    @b_out = @b_in
            End If
            Incr b_in
            Incr b_out
        Loop Until @b_in = 0
        @b_out = 0
        a = StrPtr(t)
        Function = @a
    End Function
      LOCAL sReply AS STRING, sTemp AS STRING  
            OPEN  "test.log" FOR OUTPUT LOCK WRITE AS #1
            PRINT #1, "Open " & date$ & "-" & time$
            if i then print #1, "Init error" : exit function
            print #1, "OK"
    ' Intialize Databases etc here
        '- Create the STDIN/STDOUT/STDERR buffers, Connect with the Web Server
        IF FCGX_InitRequest(FCGXReq, 0, 0) < 0 THEN print #1, "Init Failed" : EXIT FUNCTION ' Error Occured 
          '- Execution blocked here until an HTTP request arrives
          IF FCGX_Accept_r(FCGXReq) < 0 THEN  
           'IF RetVal <> -1 THEN PRINT #hClientDbg, [email protected] ' Error Occured not SIGTERM 
            EXIT LOOP  
          END IF 
          '- The reply must begin with a valid HTTP header
          sReply = "Content-Type: text/html" + $CRLF+$CRLF 
          'sReply = sReply + "ReqCount: " + STR$(FCGXReq.ReqCount)+"<BR>" ' Request Count              
          sReply = sReply + "ReqCount: " + "Not Available" + "<BR>" ' Request Count              
        s = FCGX_GetParam("QUERY_STRING", BYVAL FCGXReq.envp)
        IF p THEN
            sReply = sReply + "'GET' Data: <BR>"   
            sReply = sReply + TRIM$(@p) + "<BR>"
        END IF  
        sReply = sReply + "<BR>" 
          '- Echo the Query String
          'IF LEN([email protected]) THEN  
            'sReply = sReply + "'GET' Data: <BR>"   
            'sReply = sReply + [email protected] + "<BR>"
          'END IF  
          'sReply = sReply + "<BR>" 
          '- Echo any POST data
          'Removed the Post procedure. Very different with FCGI.DLL
          '- Put the Reply in the STDOUT buffer
          'IF FCGX_PutStr(STRPTR(sReply), LEN(sReply), byval FCGXReq.pOut) < 0 THEN EXIT LOOP ' Error Occured 
          IF FCGX_PutS(STRPTR(sReply), byval FCGXReq.pOut) < 0 THEN EXIT LOOP ' Error Occured
          '- Flush Buffers, Send Request Termination Record, Empty the STDIN/STDOUT/STDERR buffers
          FCGX_Finish_r FCGXReq
        close #1
    ' Close Databases etc here

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  • RyanCross
    Is there anyway I can get your ex_echo and can you let me know where to get the OpenMarket DLL?

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  • Miguel Pando

    I downloaded from Coastrd the basic examples, and their libfcgi2.dll.

    Tried to run the ex_echo. It did not make it past Fcgx_Initrequest.

    However, i modified ex_echo to run with the DLL from OpenMarket, and
    it ran succesfully. Still i had to change FCGX_Putstr to FCGX_Puts to
    make it work.

    Also I had to add FCGX_Init at the beginning of the program, which for
    some reason is not present in the original program.

    Another thing, because this program is not multiThreaded, if many
    requests arrive the Abyss Webserver will spawn(shell) additional
    instances of this program. (FCGX_Accept_r not ready)


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  • RyanCross
    Yeah I tried that with their example, but it just hangs there. Before venturing off on my own I was hoping to at least get their example working correctly so I know if there is a problem in the future its most likely me and not the web server.

    Running on Windows XP 32-bit.

    I am trying to run the FCGIecho.exe example from over at I followed their instructions on how to get it working with Abyss.

    Normally I get an Error 500 with the following error code:
    Writing 5173 bytes failed = The process cannot access the file because it is being used by another process.

    The number of bytes seems to change each time. All of them are usually in the 5000s though.

    However, if I sit there and spam refresh on my browser as quickly as a I can and watch Task Manager. Eventually after 4 or 5 seconds of spamming refresh you will see quite a few FCGIecho.exe running. After a second or so all of them will go away except for one or two, which will keep running.

    While these are running everything works fine, of course until they eventually times out with lack of activity.

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  • Miguel Pando
    In my tests with the Abyss WebServer i have only tried (Local-TCP/IP Sockets)

    From the Abyss Manual
    Note that for most FastCGI compliant interpreters, you can either choose
    FastCGI (Local - Pipes) or FastCGI (Local - TCP/IP Sockets) with no noticeable
    difference as both modes provide comparable performances.

    But some FastCGI interpreters such as PHP 5.1.3 and later only support a single
    mode of operation. So if an interpreter fails to work in a given mode, select
    the other and retry.

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  • RyanCross
    Very interesting, thanks for the info. Although not looking forward to converting from C.
    Last edited by RyanCross; 17 Jul 2009, 04:05 PM.

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  • Miguel Pando
    FastCGI The Forgotten Treasure
    Replace C language with PowerBasic

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  • RyanCross
    started a topic CGI and AJAX Long Polling

    CGI and AJAX Long Polling

    So a friend and I wanted to write a browser game using AJAX. This game may involve many players being on the same server at once.

    Basically AJAX Long Polling (aka Comet) is sending a request to the CGI application via XMLHttpRequest the CGI application only responds to this request when a change has happened. Currently I have it checking for 30 seconds, if nothing changes it sends a message to browser saying it timed out and browser sends a new request. I only want to update the browser when a change has happened. Specifically in the "zone" that player may be in.

    The issue is lets say each server can have 1000 concurrent players (this is just a number I'm throwing out there, its not necessarily how it will actually be). Each time someone is playing they open a new instance of the CGI executable. Obviously 1000 CGI executables running (I assume) would cause major strain on the server.

    Is there any method to consolidate these into one instance somehow. I am new to this CGI stuff. Thanks.